A hematoma is a collection of clotted blood outside of a blood vessel that occurs when the wall of a blood vessel has been injured and leaks into surrounding tissues. Contact sports (including soccer, football, basketball, rugby, lacrosse, and others), Conditions or diseases resulting in diminished ability to coagulate blood properly (. When blood vessels under your skin are damaged and leak, the blood pools and results in a bruise . Originally, a bruise may appear bluish, blackish blue, or purple. See details: 3-6 weeks. A bruise is a discoloration of the skin that is a result of leakage of blood from capillaries into the skin. Bruises are also called contusions. A hematoma usually describes bleeding which has more or less clotted, whereas a hemorrhage signifies active, ongoing bleeding. side effects are experienced, the most common are headache, rash, and nausea. Learn. Other possible serious side effects adverse Cerebral contusions are scattered areas of bleeding on the surface of the brain, most commonly along the undersurface and poles of the frontal and temporal lobes. Do not stop any prescription medications without first contacting your doctor. If there are associated skin tears, you can use topical antibiotics and a bandage. See how to get pain relief if you've bumped your head, sprained your ankle, or had a bruise, strain, or some other minor injury. General Information. When people think of trauma, they generally think of car accidents, falls, head injuries, broken bones, and gunshot wounds. This may occur under the skin or near to any organs. mouth, and throat swelling, difficulty breathing, itching, or rash. A hematoma is a collection of blood that is outside a blood vessel. Bruises change in appearance over time, and it may be possible to tell by looking at a bruise how old it is. Treatment for hematomas involving other organs in the body depends upon what organ system is involved. MedicineNet does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Contusion. infection, teething, TMJ, bites and stings, and sprains and strains. The different types of bruises include: Hematoma: Trauma, such as a car accident or major fall, can cause severe bruising and skin and tissue damage. When is a bruise serious? Terms in this set (23) concussion is a brain injury, caused by what? This is where the hematoma (bleed) calcifies and a bony growth develops within the muscle. A bruise is medically referred to as a contusion. Patients with inherited clotting problems (such as in hemophilia) or acquired clotting problems (such as in patients with liver diseases like cirrhosis) can develop extensive bruising, unexplained bruising, or even life-threatening bleeding. Spell. See Additional Information. headache, professionals only prescribe acetaminophen in doses of 325 mg or less. Topical Treatment for Head Lice for OTC Use, For Some Survivors, 'COVID Toes,' Rashes Linger, Psoriasis Meds Don't Raise Risk of Severe COVID. That proof can come in many different ways but two forms, are a bruise or hematoma. Contusions, by definition, result from head trauma and are thus seen more frequently in young males. It molds to the shape of the injured area and can then be re-frozen and used again (but don't eat them!). Avoid taking the medications listed above that can contribute to bruising. There are several strategies you can use to make a bruise go away faster. The greater the amount of bleeding that occurs, the larger the amount of clot (hematoma) formation. By one to two days, the reddish iron from the blood undergoes a change and the bruise will appear blue or purple. Emotional trauma is best described as a psychological response to a deeply distressing or life-threatening experience. Bruising occurs more easily in the elderly because their capillaries are more fragile than those of young people. first Aid & injuries centerTopic Guide. Seek medical care for any hematoma or spontaneous bruising that occurs without any known cause, so a health care professional can determine whether you have a serious underlying medical condition. The definition of a contusion is a bruise, which occurs when blood vessels are damaged or broken as the result of an injury. The tissue injury may be mild or severe. A bone contusion is a bruise on the bone that can occur on any bone in the body (chest, rib, knee, head, leg, etc.). Bruises are painful, colorful marks under the skin that appear after an injury, or after taking certain medications. ; Ecchymosis is a skin discoloration that results from bleeding underneath the skin and usually larger than 1 cm or .4 inches. Trauma to tissue also may be caused by an aggressive sneeze or an unexpected twist of an arm or leg. 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