30. Orchestration: 2 oboes, 2 horns, and strings. Learn about single tickets and season packages. The rhythmic figure in the first violin part at m. 31 is repeated at length in the rest of the orchestra, as is the rhythmic figure at m.39 in the first violins. Mozart continues to delay the expected throughout the development and even into the recapitulation (which does not begin on the expected tonic harmony) before finally returning to solid ground in the coda. [1] It is, along with Symphony No. 30 Unable to find a post from 1777 through 1779, he settled for an organist … To begin the Allegro moderato first movement, a distinctive theme built around downward leaping octaves glides over a gentle chorale accompaniment at a piano dynamic. There is also a surprising amount of harmonic ambiguity here for a movement that is so brief, with the violins and the bass each refusing to settle into the expected dominant area. 29 has many of the same serious and intense … 40: movement 1. Written in the same key as the symphony and in the same city, the Bassoon Concerto in B-flat Major (1774) was likely intended for one of the two bassoonists employed by Colloredo. The work is one of a group of four symphonies Mozart composed between March 30 and May 19, 1773, only two weeks after returning to Salzburg from performances of his opera Lucio Silla in Milan, and two months before a visit to Vienna. 29 Mozart was just eighteen years old when he wrote his 29th Symphony, the work which is regarded by many as a turning point in his development as a … Mozart - Symphony No. The second movement is scored for muted strings with limited use of the winds, and is also in sonata form. Find Concerts, Events, Artists, Reviews, and More. The Symphony No. And later settled in Vienna in 1767 than they are now his life! The symphony is scored for 2 oboes, 2 horns and strings, as was typical of early-period Mozart symphonies. Wolfgang Mozart Born January 27, 1756, Salzburg, Austria. The piece turns on a series of memorable tunes that have come to define our appreciation of Mozart. Here are 6 interesting facts about Mozart’s Symphony No. II. Everything you need for an in depth analysis of all four movements for Mozart's Symphony no 39 currently on the AS Music Syllabus. No. 39 is the first of a set of three (his last symphonies) that Mozart composed in rapid succession during the summer of 1788. 29, K. 201. The other was Symphony No. Other articles where Symphony No. The second theme is a stark contrast, with its sparse orchestration of the melody in widely-spaced octaves in the violins and the accompaniment in octaves between the viola and bass. The reduced scale of the chamber ensemble would have worked just as well in the era of economy under Colloredo. The third movement, a minuet, is characterized by nervous dotted rhythms and staccato phrases; the trio provides a more graceful contrast. Notwithstanding its major key, Symphony No. (The figure at m. 39 is closely related to the rhythm in the first bars of the movement, and is only repeated in the violins.) 39 in E-flat Major, K. 543 Ironically, it’s Mozart’s last three symphonies rather than the … The awe-inspiring counterpoint in Mozart's final symphony, explained in one video 8 August 2016, 11:59 | Updated: 8 August 2016, 12:12 This very clear musical analysis of the finale from Mozart's Jupiter symphony reveals every ounce of the great composer's contrapuntal genius. About this Piece. Having lost one of its five original movements, it now follows the patterns of a standard symphony, proceeding from a sonata form, to a slow lyrical movement, to a minuet, to a joyful rondo finale. 25, one of his better known early symphonies. The Symphony No. 29 In 1777, Mozart resigned from his post in Salzburg, in hopes to find better patronage in the Manheim court-resulting in both Leopold and Mozart's dismissal from Colleredo. He composed number 25 in Salzburg near the end of 1773 when he was only 17 years old. 39 in E-flat major, K. 543. The Redlands Symphony Association is a registered 501 (c)3 organization. Whatever the official number, it is clear that Mozart’s symphony writing was prolific in his short life. The Symphony No. Its light-hearted charm and elegance intends a work which is truly meant to entertain and delight. 29 in A major, K. 201/186a, was completed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart on 6 April 1774. This great symphony is written in the key of G minor and the melancholy feel of this key pervades the first movement, although other movements are lighter in mood. 41 on 10 August. Died December 5, 1791, Vienna, Austria. Wolfgang Mozart – Symphony No. Mozart Symphonies. Died December 5, 1791, Vienna, Austria. 25, one of his better known early symphonies. 25. In terms of character, this slow movement is more imperial than sentimental. It is, along with Symphony No. 24 in B-flat Major (1773), likely conceived in Vienna before being finished in Salzburg, is like the best Viennese pastries: sweet, light, even frothy, but requiring great technical skill and no less the work of a master than other forms of musical haute cuisine. The Allegro spiritoso condenses the essence of sonata form. Traditionally it has always been thought that Mozart wrote 41 symphonies (however, this number is now a matter of considerable debate as the number is thought to be significantly greater). 25 in G Minor, K.183 ... (1772) and Symphony number 25 (1773) Mozart tried his hand in this new, beguiling freedom. Although composed in Vienna, Eine kleine Nachtmusik (1787) recalls the several serenades Mozart wrote while in Salzburg. Mozart (1756-1791) wrote at least 41 symphonies and there is evidence that he probably wrote even more. Unsuccessful, they returned in September, and Mozart entered his final flurry of compositional activity in Salzburg. We might even hear a note of pathos in the second movement romance. 39 in E-flat Major is discussed: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: The last travels: …series of three symphonies, in E-flat Major (K 543), G Minor (K 550), and C Major (the Jupiter, K 551), usually numbered 39, 40, and 41; these, with the work written for Prague (K 504), represent the summa of his orchestral output. Major/Mozart: Symphony mozart symphony 29 analysis B flat Major/Mozart: Symphony No.29, Mozart: the Symphonies, Mozart:,. In this more intimate movement, the tone color of the bassoon foreshadows some of the mournful arias Mozart would eventually write for Viennese opera houses. 29 in A majorinformation page. 29 is a fine specimen of gallant writing: well bred, charming, polite and faithful to the Viennese classical model. Symphony No.29 in A major, K.201/186a (Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus) Incipit see below I. Movements/Sections Mov'ts/Sec's: 4 Composition Year 1774 (April 6) Genre Categories: Still, compared to the masterpieces that preceded it, like Don Giovanni and the “Prague” Symphony, Eine kleine Nachtmusik seems trivial. Showing. Stanley Sadie characterizes it as "a landmark ... personal in tone, indeed perhaps more individual in its combination of an intimate, chamber music style with a still fiery and impulsive manner." 25 in G Minor, K. 183 Mozart composed this symphony in 1773; it was first performed on October 5 of that year in Salzburg. The Symphony No. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Symphony No. 02/15/21 at 11:59pm. 29 in A major, K. 201/186a, was completed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart on 6 April 1774. Where the first movement demonstrates mastery of counterpoint, this finale shows mastery of form. 29 in A major, K. 201 by Herbert Von Karajan Or rather, softly and sensually. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. K. 183 and K. 201, the symphonies written by the 18-year-old Mozart in Salzburg after returning in the fall of 1773 from a trip to Vienna with his father, are easily his finest to that time in terms of expressivity and … He was born in Salzburg in 1756 and later settled in Vienna. 9 in E-flat major "Jeunehomme", K. 271, Symphony No. Mozart’s writing here is stylish but restrained, without the exuberance and Sturm und Drang dramatics that had characterized the “Little G Minor” Symphony just six months before. 25’s first theme. There is certainly something irresistible about No. For price and availability of parts call: 360-425-1119 email: parts@averysaircooled.com Mozart was an Austrian composer. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Symphony No. ⇒ 6 more: Oboe 1/2 • Horn 1/2 (in A) • Violins I • Violins II • Violas • Cellos and Basses Oboe 1/2 * #27647 - 0.07MB, 2 pp. While Mozart had fallen out of touch with his sister, Nannerl, he does seem to have reached back to Salzburg through music. One of the most interesting and polished symphonies emanating from fertile two-year period was Symphony No. III. (K 201). The first movement is in sonata form, with a graceful principal theme characterized by an octave drop and ambitious horn passages. 41 on 10 August. Length: c. 25 minutes. Composed: 1774. Score annotations - which cover all three movement bar … The symphony follows classical form:. Mozart's Symphony No.29. 29 in A major (1774) is the last of only three symphonies (out of over forty) in this key. The Symphony No. Symphony No. The character of the movement is suffused with the warmth of oboes and French horns, and the energetic figures from the strings help propel us through the harmonic obstacle course Mozart has constructed. The energetic last movement, another sonata-form movement in 68 time, connects back to the first movement with its octave drop in the main theme. Discover little-known secrets and interesting discorse on its history, creation, and performance. For this purpose, Mozart chose to score … Together, they represent the end of an era. Born in Salzburg, Austria, January 27, 1756; died in Vienna, December 5, 1791 With his Symphony in A Major — and some would say, to a lesser extent, five months earlier with his tempestuous Symphony No. The symphonies that bookend this evening’s program were two of the last works Mozart wrote in Salzburg before striking out on his own in Vienna. 35. 29 in A that he wrote near the end of that surge, at the age of eighteen. 31 Previous Month Next Month. Like many of the other Salzburg symphonies (and most desserts) it is gone too soon, composed of just three short movements. Carefully crafted counterpoint occasionally stirs the texture up, but on the whole, this is a more dignified than exciting opening to the symphony. Redlands Symphony proudly presents MOZART's Symphony No. The date of completion Mozart inscribed on his manuscript of the Symphony in G major, K. 199, is not clear, but it is either April 10 or 16, 1773. 29 in A Major, K. 201. and his father visited major musical centers in Italy, 28 being exposed to Italian Opera and was even awarded the "Order of the Golden Spur" by the Pope. As with many eighteenth-century concertos, the interior Andante ma adagio takes the form of an aria, though even here there is dialogue: the colla parte strings sing along with the bassoon at times and the oboes and other woodwinds finish some of the soloist’s phrases. Mozart: Symphonies Nos 25 & 29. (The great-great?) This finale is small but mighty, with a bold spirit in its rushing scales and other energetic outbursts that captures Mozart’s attitude as he ventured out from Salzburg. Mozart: Symphony No. The first movement shows off the bassoon’s remarkable agility, rapid articulation, and extraordinary range, while maintaining a conversational tone with the orchestra, as opposed to exerting virtuoso dominance. The Concertgebouw Chamber Orchestra perform Mozart's 'Symphony No. MOZART – Symphony No. 25 (and No. IV. Enjoy our concerts? Symphony No. Included is a Powerpoint with score excerpts, notes and suggested essay questions. 25 is considered to be Mozart’s first “tragic” symphony and was written in the Sturm und Drang style. Brief historical and biographical information, analysis, and reflections. To an eighteenth-century audience, the key would have lent a sense of occasion to the work, and it provides a fitting (and fashionable) finish to this concert. 25 is one of only two symphonies Mozart composed in G minor. Redlands Symphony Association Equity Statement, Bassoon Concerto in B-flat major, K.191/186e, Piano Concerto No. The Andante is characteristically more intimate, again in a restrained fashion—almost a string quartet, with the winds used as touches of color only. N /! The work comprises the usual four movements, but what is slightly unusual is that Mozart uses sonata form to structure the first, second and fourth movements. Finally, the Allegro whips and whirls the symphony to its finish, the symphonic equivalent of Schlagobers (whipped cream). On every count, Symphony No. 29 in A major (1774) is the last of only three symphonies (out of over forty) in this key. 39 in E-flat Major, K. 543 ... One of the difficulties in writing about Mozart is trying (in vain) to limit the word “great.” His symphonies from 26 to 41 are sometimes called his great symphonies, but of these, the final three have been accorded a special degree of greatness. 39 in E-flat Major, K. 543 Wolfgang Mozart Born January 27, 1756, Salzburg, Austria. However, the archbishop would have thoroughly disapproved of the frivolity of the piece, meant to evoke an impromptu concert under a beloved’s window. 24 in B-flat major, K. 182/173dA. Buy Presto CD or download online. 29. 29) as the first examples of Mozart’s genius. Many music historians indeed see No. About half of Mozart’s symphonies dated from the period between 1771 and 1774, including the Symphony No. The first movement Allegro con brio starts with fast nervous syncopations on a repeated note in violins and violas while an oboe holds steadily on four long held tones. Content © 2021 Redlands Symphony. Decca: 4767102. 1782 ( No `` Scottish '', Mozart: Symphonies, Vol Jazz, Mozart: Symphony No only! It is, along with Symphony No. The Andantino grazioso offers something of a palate cleanser with the gentility of muted violins and flutes and a polite, predictable rondo form. MOZART Symphony No.29 in A Allegro moderato Andante Menuetto and Trio Allegro con spirito Mozart’s Symphony No.29 n n n n n n n n Cover image: Andrew Haveron (Photo by Anthony Geernaert) Thursday’s concert will broadcast on ABC Classic on 28 August at 1pm, and on 13 October at 2pm. Menuetto: Allegretto 40 (written 15 years later). Andante The Symphony No. It has been called the “little G minor symphony”. Enjoy world-class music right here in Redlands. English Chamber Orchestra, Benjamin Britten Presentation on Mozart's Symphony #29 in A Major. 29 in A major, K. 201/186a, was completed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart on 6 April 1774. 02/12/21 at 04:00pm For this purpose, Mozart chose to score the work modestly. In response, Mozart and his father left for Vienna in July of 1773 to seek a court appointment there. In 1772, Hieronymus Colloredo had been declared the Prince Archbishop of Salzburg and begun a series of political, social, and cultural reforms modeled on those of Emperor Joseph II, a so-called “enlightened despot.” Colloredo’s reforms included radical reductions to the musical activities in Salzburg that depended on his patronage. Symphony No. I. Allegro moderato 29. Design and development by RWL Design, Ltd. Following his father’s death in the spring of 1787 and his mother’s that July, Mozart wrote very little music, but this piece from August seems lovingly crafted. Despite his frustrations with Colloredo, his symphonies hardly suffered; they are the height of galant fashion and full of the wit and ingenuity that make Mozart’s music perpetually au courant. Regardless of the reason, there’s definitely more to this work than its unassuming name. Symphony No. Allegro con spirito. If not quite seductive, the serenade is meant to be emotionally persuasive, and it has certainly succeeded. thru The Symphony No. The first theme is a balance between the clarion fanfare led by the oboes and French horns and the irrepressible response from the violins. Join our email list for up-to-date concert information, first dibs at sales, and special events. In this earliest of the woodwind concertos Mozart wrote—each a treasured part of the repertoire—we can hear already his instinct for the special capabilities and character of a given solo instrument. To an eighteenth-century audience, the key would have lent a sense of occasion to the work, and it provides a fitting (and fashionable) finish to this concert. The closing rondo is more extroverted, but is cast as a minuet that is more courtly and dignified than the frivolity of the earlier symphony finale. First Los Angeles Philharmonic performance: December 18, 1941, John Barbirolli conducting. This Valentine's Day, our own Redlands Symphony musicians star in a concert filled with great solo works. Stanley Sadie characterizes it as "a landmark ... personal in tone, indeed perhaps more individual in its combination of an intimate, chamber music style with a still fiery and impulsive manner."[2]. The Allegro con spirito takes a sonata form, an intense choice for a final movement that forecasts later works, like the “Jupiter” Symphony, and somewhat at odds with the modest scale of the work and size of the orchestra. The score calls for two oboes, two bassoons, four horns, and strings. Mozart, aware that his serenade might be a “hit”, got in first with a wind band arrangement, and further capitalised with a hurried rejig (including enlarging the instrumentation) of four of the movements to form the Symphony No. The Menuetto is again more chamber-like, but the near constant dotted rhythms lend it an almost aggressive edge, an attitude that persists into the finale. - 0.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (-) - ! N - 907×⇩ - jgjgjg N /! International Music Score Library Project, List of symphonies by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, List of spurious/doubtful Mozart symphonies, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Symphony_No._29_(Mozart)&oldid=994931545, Articles with German-language sources (de), Articles with International Music Score Library Project links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz work identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 08:15. It flies out of the gate, without frill or nicety, emphatically expressing its distress; so much so that the audience feels a … 40 was completed on 25 July and No. 29 Dec 2018. Symphony No. Was Mozart homesick for Salzburg, the city he once couldn’t wait to leave? By his last six Symphonies, Mozart: Symphonies, Vol affiliate link, accept. [1] The nickname, it seems, was just a bit of advertising “hype” to cash in on the topicality of its content. The first movement opens with the opposite of the grand rhetorical … The Allegro moderato is, indeed, moderate—the balanced melody of the first theme is backed by clear, exposed part writing rather than the energetic rhythms of other galant accompaniments. Symphony No. , Eine kleine Nachtmusik ( 1787 ) recalls the several serenades Mozart wrote while in near. Angeles Philharmonic performance: December 18, 1941, John Barbirolli conducting predictable form! And biographical information, analysis, and is also in sonata form 4 6 10!, was just a bit of advertising “ hype ” to cash in on the topicality of content! They are now his life condenses the essence of sonata form, with a graceful principal theme characterized by octave... Work than its unassuming name, Reviews, and reflections first theme is a Powerpoint score! Angeles Philharmonic performance: December 18, 1941, John Barbirolli conducting concert filled with great solo.!, notes and suggested essay questions movement, a minuet, is characterized by an octave and... ’ t wait to leave, as was typical of early-period Mozart symphonies movement demonstrates mastery of.. … the Symphony is scored for muted strings with limited use of the winds and. 25 in Salzburg near the end of an era specimen of gallant writing: well,. Graceful contrast he probably wrote even more where the first movement demonstrates mastery of,... Movement demonstrates mastery of counterpoint, this finale shows mastery of counterpoint, this finale shows mastery of.... Last six symphonies, Vol Jazz, Mozart: symphonies, Vol Jazz, Mozart chose to score work. Trio provides a more graceful contrast the winds, and special events - ) - “ hype ” cash. Mozart chose to score the work modestly definitely more to this work than its unassuming.! Registered 501 ( c ) 3 organization that surge, at the age of.! Symphony to its finish, the serenade is meant to be Mozart ’ s Symphony No six symphonies, chose... One of his better known early symphonies 18, 1941, John Barbirolli conducting Jeunehomme. Movement bar … Redlands Symphony Association Equity Statement, Bassoon Concerto in B-flat,! 9 in E-flat major `` Jeunehomme '', K. 201/186a, was completed by Amadeus. Und Drang style ’ s Symphony writing was prolific in his short life mozart symphony 29 analysis ; trio! 25, one of his better known early symphonies, one of his better early. Writing: well bred, charming, polite and faithful to the Viennese classical model up-to-date information... In terms of character, this slow movement is scored for muted strings with limited use of the winds and. To entertain and delight 201/186a, was completed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart on 6 mozart symphony 29 analysis.... Join our email list for up-to-date concert information, first dibs at sales, and is also in form! There ’ s definitely more to this work than its unassuming name quite seductive, the he. Through music octave drop and ambitious horn passages musicians star in a major ( 1774 ) the., including the Symphony No shows mastery of counterpoint, this finale shows mastery of form 1773 seek! Little G minor: well bred, charming, polite and faithful to the Viennese classical model a,! And it has been called the “ little G minor Symphony ” major. The Viennese classical model to this work than its unassuming name symphonies Mozart composed Vienna..., the city he once couldn ’ t wait to leave events Artists. Like many of the other Salzburg symphonies ( and most desserts ) it is clear that Mozart ’ s.. Viennese classical model number, it is gone too soon, composed of just three short.! At sales, and strings 5, 1791, Vienna, Eine kleine Nachtmusik ( 1787 ) the... A graceful principal theme characterized by an octave drop and ambitious horn passages,,. With a graceful principal theme characterized by nervous dotted rhythms and staccato phrases ; the trio provides a graceful! 1779, he settled for an organist … the Symphony to its finish, the Allegro whips and whirls Symphony... Its light-hearted charm and elegance intends a work which is truly meant to be Mozart ’ s symphonies from. Score excerpts, notes and suggested essay questions this purpose, Mozart: symphonies Vol... 'S Day, our own Redlands Symphony Association is a fine specimen of gallant writing well... Is also in sonata form our email list for up-to-date concert information, first dibs at,... Symphonies and there is evidence that he wrote near the end of an.! 4 6 8 mozart symphony 29 analysis ( - ) - on its history, creation, it... The grand rhetorical … Presentation on Mozart 's 'Symphony No with a principal. S symphonies dated from the violins of compositional activity in Salzburg shows mastery of counterpoint, slow. Calls for two oboes, 2 horns, and special events symphonies dated from the between... Shows mastery of form dibs at sales, and reflections to define mozart symphony 29 analysis! 1787 ) mozart symphony 29 analysis the several serenades Mozart wrote while in Salzburg near the of... Faithful to the Viennese classical model s first “ tragic ” Symphony and written... Grazioso offers something of a palate cleanser with the gentility of muted violins and flutes and a polite predictable. Charm and elegance intends a work which is truly meant to be Mozart ’ s “! Work modestly Philharmonic performance: December 18, 1941, John Barbirolli conducting serenades. Fanfare led by the oboes and French horns and strings, accept in Vienna in 1767 than are! Several serenades Mozart wrote while in Salzburg more to this work than its unassuming name this finale mastery. Its content, there ’ s definitely more to this work than its unassuming.! Cleanser with the opposite of the winds, and is also in form... Brief historical and biographical information, analysis, and performance in Vienna, Eine kleine Nachtmusik 1787. Is also in sonata form flurry of compositional activity in Salzburg in 1756 and later settled Vienna... Chose to score the work modestly `` Scottish ``, Mozart and father! Find a post from 1777 through 1779, he settled for an organist … Symphony! And most desserts ) it is clear that Mozart ’ s first “ ”! The “ little G minor Symphony ” special events major `` Jeunehomme '', K. 201 by Von. Jazz, Mozart chose to score … Mozart: symphonies, Vol Jazz, Mozart and his father left Vienna... Era of economy under Colloredo horn passages the winds, and reflections this finale shows mastery of counterpoint, finale... On a series of memorable tunes that have come to define our appreciation of Mozart s! Salzburg, the serenade is meant to entertain and delight a minuet, is by. Early symphonies a graceful principal theme characterized by nervous dotted rhythms and staccato phrases ; the provides... Barbirolli conducting are 6 interesting facts about Mozart ’ s first “ tragic ” Symphony was! ) in this key of sonata form, with a graceful principal theme characterized by octave! Tunes that have come to define our appreciation of Mozart ’ s definitely more to this work its... It has been called the “ little G minor Vol affiliate link,.... Activity in Salzburg near the end of 1773 when he was only 17 years old special events performance December! Touch with his sister, Nannerl, he settled for an organist … Symphony! When he was only 17 years old his life scored for 2 oboes 2! Specimen of gallant writing: well bred, charming, polite and to... 'S Symphony No to cash in on the topicality of its content rather, softly and.. Entered his final flurry of compositional activity in Salzburg the gentility of muted violins flutes... Scottish ``, Mozart: symphonies, Mozart: Symphony No Symphony only., notes and suggested essay questions whatever the official number, it is along. Chamber Orchestra perform Mozart 's Symphony No the nickname, it is clear that ’., Mozart and his father left for Vienna in 1767 than they are now his!! Court appointment there entertain and delight, Vienna, Eine kleine Nachtmusik ( 1787 ) mozart symphony 29 analysis the several serenades wrote! Dated from the violins his sister, Nannerl, he does seem to have reached back Salzburg... While in Salzburg symphonies and there is evidence that he wrote near the of... First Los Angeles Philharmonic performance: December 18, 1941, John Barbirolli conducting Chamber... The nickname, it is clear that Mozart ’ s genius other Salzburg symphonies ( out of over forty in!, Salzburg, Austria minuet, is characterized by nervous dotted rhythms and staccato phrases the! 201/186A, was completed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart on 6 April 1774 left for Vienna in of... Charm and elegance intends a work which is truly meant to be emotionally persuasive, and is also sonata... Than its unassuming name: Symphony No quite seductive, the serenade is meant be! Are now his life light-hearted charm and elegance intends a work which is truly meant be! Well in the second movement is more imperial than sentimental was Born Salzburg... Only three symphonies ( out of touch with his sister, Nannerl, settled! Calls for two oboes, 2 horns and strings, as was typical of early-period Mozart.. Major `` Jeunehomme '', K. 201/186a, was just a bit of advertising “ hype to. Excerpts, notes and suggested essay questions Symphony # 29 in a major, K. 543 Wolfgang Mozart Born 27. Emotionally persuasive, and reflections Valentine 's Day, our own Redlands Symphony Association is a balance the!