During this time, gunslingers of the west such as Wild Bill Hickok and Jesse James became famous. Mennonites were some of the first to move West and to begin farming on the Great Plains. For the best answers, search on this site https://shorturl.im/avMMm. West of Lake Erie, the most important town was the small trading settlement of Detroit, which as late as 1840 was a rather small town with a population of about 9000. Throughout the long process of settling the American West, the legend of the West would grow and become a symbol of the rugged adventurousness of western settlers. In 1800, significant numbers of settlers were moving to Kentucky and Tennessee ? LARRY WEST: After the Indians were defeated, thousands of settlers hurried west. History Early Settlers : Early Settlers: The 1800s. The law was the local sheriff and people had to look to protect themselves against bandits and outlaws. there was lots of land open for people that wanted to claim it. Exodusters moved West to escape sharecropping and own land for themselves. Various land acts in Oregon provided free land to pioneers, while the start of the California Gold Rush in 1848 lured thousands more. They were paid little for their hard work farming and they fell into debt. The soil they left behind was … Despite the many reasons to migrate westward, the numbers that amassed in Oregon and California were modest, and migration was concentrated between 1844 and 1848. Michigan settlers came primarily from New York and New England, concentrating in the southern third of the state. The Homestead Act was passed by Congress in 1862 to encourage settlement in the West by giving government-owned land to … Prairie madness or prairie fever was an affliction that affected settlers in the Great Plains during the migration to, and settlement of, the Canadian Prairies and the Western United States in the nineteenth century. Travelers passing through this country in 1815 encountered people who still had not heard of the War of 1812. There was much land for sale from the federal government, but at $1.25 an acre, no one could afford it. Some hoped to find new, rich farmland. haha i did this unit a little while ago (: settlers moved west because they wanted to see if they could find any gold with the yukon gold rush. and also, because of free land open. The first white Americans to move west were the mountain men, who went to the Rockies to hunt beaver, bear and elk in the 1820s and 1830s. 1800 - 10% of all Americans resided west of the Appalachian Mountains, primarily in Tennessee, Kentucky, and the area of West Virginia. The Homestead Act and the Morrill Act were the two important land-grant acts that were passed in the Great Plains during the mid-1800s to help open the West to settlers. Wild West As the first settlers and pioneers moved into the west, there was little government. They were Russian Protestant groups. Why - and how - did the first settlers move westwards? Early in the century, as the states of Ohio, Louisiana, Illinois, Indiana, Mississippi and Alabama opened up, they too became magnets for those hoping to find their fortunes and better lands to cultivate. When you picture the "westward expansion" of settlers in the United States, a covered wagon may be the first thing to come to mind. the only two states west of the Appalachians at the time. 1824 - 30% of all Americans resided in the region between the Appalachians and the Mississippi River, with increased movement further west into unsettled territories. ... covered wagons, stage coaches and even boats were used to move people from east to west during the 19th century. While settlers traveled west along the Oregon Trail for a variety of reasons, most were motivated either by land or gold.