A variation on the last installment of What’s in a Rig (the sloop) is the Cutter Rig. Curmudgeon at Large- and rhinestone in the rough, sailing my Farr 11.6 on the Chesapeake Bay. (obsolete) A ruffian; a bravo; a destroyer. As Glanville noted, a ketch can “turn up and down” (upwind and downwind), “go to and fro” (tacking, presumably) “almost with any wind” (in all conditions). The sloop would be the simplest rig. A cutter is a sloop with 2 foresails(jib, staysail) and a mainsail. 1)First of all, I think these are a bit low, are they correct or was the shop having trouble? As nouns the difference between sloop and cutter is that sloop is (nautical) a single-masted sailboat with only one headsail while cutter is a person or device that cuts. Sloops may sail better, be easier to maintain, and be simpler overall... Hey Krozet, Well I might just make a new record! What are the pro''s and con''s of a cutter rig vs. a sloop rig? This arrangement works well, but becomes problematic when there is more wind than the sail on the furler can handle. Explore. We usually use the sail rig type to refer to the type of boat. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License; additional terms may apply. A sloop rig has 1 mast, with a jib and mainsail. First of all, what is a sail rig?A sail rig is the way in which the sails are attached to the mast(s). A yawl has 2 masts, one behind the rudder post. A sloop rig is a boat with a single-mast and a fore and aft sail configuration. Cutters had a rig with a single mast located 50% of the length of the sailplan or further aft, … A typical summer day is light air so a boat really needs a 150 to have fun on most summer days. the problem with a cutter and a 150 is that tacking is a bitch. It could have a staysail, if it is a cutter ketch. I mentioned the concept of a "slutter," a sloop that is converted to a cutter by adding a removable inner forestay, in my last post on this subject and thought I should expound a bit on the process of the conversion. For long range cruising boat a staysail is very valuable but not essential. A sloop has one headsail, a cutter has two or more. The three smaller sails of a cutter are easier to handle and reef than the two larger sails on a sloop—all things being equal. (obsolete) A kind of soft yellow brick, easily cut, and used for facework. (nautical) A ship's boat, used for transport ship-to-ship or ship-to-shore. Come join the discussion about sailing, modifications, classifieds, troubleshooting, repairs, reviews, maintenance, and more! (cricket) A ball that moves sideways in the air, or off the pitch, because it has been cut. Still Plenty Of Area. How's this for a record: I'm reading the original post after 14 years; and (while admittedly, I'm just a wanna be sailor thus far), it still seems relevant. More sails means more sailmakers bills, more rigging to inspect/replace, more furlers that can get jammed/break bearings, more sheets to lead aft, more holes in the deck to leak, more tension points on the mast...etc. Catch the trade winds in your sails. It has a foresail,main and missen. A ketch has 2 masts. A forum community dedicated to Sailing enthusiasts. How shall we choose among them? In other words, it's the setup or configuration of the sailboat. Our choice in a Cape Dory 30 would be a latemodel cutter with full-width galley, Edson pedestal, and the Volvo or Universal diesel. Just more overall systems complexity in general. Sloops date back to the early 17 th century but didn’t really become popular until the 20 th century. Any suggestions there? Multimasted sailboats fall into different categories based on the size and position of their masts. Discover. B ut to get the full potential from this … It seemed to work for us. Most important of all, the cutter rig gives you the most versatile sail to be found on a cruising boat: the staysail. Having, for example, a genoa on a headstay furler, and a smaller staysail (some prefer hanked-on over a furler), you can quickly quickly furl the genny and get the staysail into action in a blow. It was essentially a big corvette. Modern cutter-rigged cruiser sailing under … Bluewater cruisers traditionally therefore often prefer a cutter rig, which has a single mast and a headstay like a sloop, but also an inner forestay behind the headstay from which a smaller intermediate staysail can be flown. A cutter is defined as a yachts whose mast is aft of station 4. (slang) A ten-pence piece. If someone chooses to add a staysail it’s still a sloop. Don't worry if you don't exactly understand what's going on. 2)Is the cutter worth the extra 5k or so POE? Sail away from the safe harbor. The sloop rig is the most common yacht rigging type with one mast, a gaff or a Bermuda rig mainsail, and single headsail. The cutter is one of several types of sailboats. A sloop is generally the most common type of sailboat rig. "Twenty years from now you will be more disappointed by the things that you didn't do than by the ones you did do. I still suggest that this is a worthwhile book to read because much of the science is still valid, but the conclusions need to be taken with a grain of salt. For a better experience, please enable JavaScript in your browser before proceeding. In most cases it’s the after-most mast. To continue my thoughts on what's important in a cruising boat, I'll talk about rig options – sloop vs. cutter vs. ketch – all of which we've had at least a little experience with. There are lots of disadvantages, too. This fact will come as a big surprise to many. Sloop vs. Cutter I understand as an advantage of more but smaller sails, therefore easier handling and more variation according to conditions. A ketch has 2 masts. However, the furler broke 50 nm out of Panama and we sailed 7,000 nm to New Zealand with only the genoa but when reefed the effort moved up the mast. I have sailed on a 48' cutter with a 150 genoa. A person or device that cuts (in various senses). A heavy-duty motor boat for official use. When beating or close hauled, we furled the staysail and brought the genoa out to 150 as if we were a sloop. Convert Your Sloop to a Double-Headsail Rig. Each is of superior design and construction-it's nice to know you can still buy quality, but you'd better have deep pockets. The jigger on the 2nd mast is a control sail, not normally used for upwind power. At the end of this article, you'll understand everything about rig type… It has a foresail,main and missin. Therefore, if a double berth ri… Sloops and cutters can be either gaff rigged like the drawing here or bermudan rigged like most yachts. Cat, Sloop; Cutter; Ketch; Schooner... these are the basic configurations. ... Cutter. A corvette was a smaller slow ASW escort built to mercantile standards. Responding to a post over 7 years old? The names were changed in late beta testing. The likely reason for their popularity is their ability to effectively head up wind and how relatively simple they are to control – great for short-handing. It is a popular upgrade, particularly on bluewater boats, and of course being able to hoist a staysail can also be handy on a coastal boat. The cutter was originally called a large sloop, with what is now called a sloop being referred to as a small sloop. Our jib-top and staysail add up to … In this traditional definition a sloop could have multiple jibs. Dream. The Cape Dory 30 cutter is slightly faster than the sloop-rigged Alberg 30. The sails of a Bermuda cutter. I won't talk much about schooner, yawl, junk, gaff or catboat rigs; while they have their own loyal followers and offer A sloop of war was a vessel commanded by an officer with the rank of commander. The sails were a bit smaller than with a sloop or cutter rig, we could use a 'turbocharger' (mizzen staysail, larger than the main) in lighter winds, and yet we could easily throttle down to little sail area (reefed jib and mizzen, or solent jib and reefed main) in heavy winds. Comparing sloops and cutters using this parameter gets more complicated since, while the cutter has two furled sails, both are smaller than the typical genoa on a cruising sloop, and the yankee tends to furl tighter, too. Our boat is happiest and easiest to sail in 30 knots+ with deep reefed main and staysail. A sloop was built to warship standards - essentially a slow destroyer without torpedoes. Sloops come in all sizes, from 8-foot dinghies to … Ascertaining whether the mast is aft or forward of station 4 (what if it is at station 4?) Sloops could be armed with between 10 and 18 guns, be ship rigged or brigs (two-masted square rig) and were capable of most of the tasks undertaken by frigates, with the exception of fleet reconnaissance. So named because it is the coin most often sharpened by prison inmates to use as a weapon. For the money, you get a well-designed traditional boat that is a good coastal cruiser for a couple or a small family. Sloop. The forward sail is called the yankee and the one slightly behind it is the staysail. sail fast and eat well, dave S/V Auspicious. Generally the mast of a sloop is further forward than that of a cutter so there is … Where’s the mizzen mast? A cutter has one mast like the sloop, and people rightfully confuse the two. A sloop is 7k in POE when I tried to order it, and a cutter was 13k when I tried to order it. Re: sloop vs cutter The cutter is like the yawl rig, the usefulness is arguable, at least I have a radar , tv antenna , bell , horn stand and leaning post! The type of rig is often a pre-ordained choice once one has determined vessel size, the preferred layout, and the maximum size of sail one can handle. In 1994 Walt Schulz developed the Scutter to reflect the combination of the fore triangle plan of a double headsail sloop and the mainsail of a cutter as an alternative rig for all Shannon models. ", Chesapeake Bay Eats restaurant review spreadsheet, VerticalScope Inc., 111 Peter Street, Suite 901, Toronto, Ontario, M5V 2H1, Canada. Traditionally the sloop rig was a rig with a single mast located forward of 70% of the length of the sailplan. Hard to argue with aesthetic preferences. If someone has a staysail on their ketch the boat is still just a ketch. Sloop. I’m not in favor of adding a staysail to a sloop. A sloop-of-war was quite different from a civilian or mercantile sloop, which was a general term for a single-masted vessel rigged in a way that would today be called a gaff cutter (but usually without the square topsails then carried by cutter-rigged vessels), though some sloops of that type did serve in the 18th century British Royal Navy, particularly on the Great Lakes of North America. The rig consists of the sail and mast hardware. While this may seem somewhat heretical at first, there is no arguing the fact that no one wants a mast in the middle of their double berth...! Could anyone out there give me a little idea about the pros and cons of these types of boats? So throw off the bowlines. Agreed wholeheartedly - but I still need to find someone willing to take me. The staysail is closer to the mast, moving the center of effort closer to the midpoint of the boat, as well as lower. (nautical) A single-masted, fore-and-aft rigged, sailing vessel with at least two headsails, and a mast set further aft than that of a sloop. JavaScript is disabled. While running, or on a reach, we used the staysail. Traditionally the sloop rig was a rig with a single mast located forward of 50% of the length of the sailplan. A frigate was a lightly armed sloop built to mercantile standards. A sloop may also use a racing or cruising spinnaker. We are very new to sailing and have a few questions. Most boats today have a single permanently hoisted headsail with a roller-reefing unit on the headstay. One thing that wasn't mentioned here...maintenance. Bermuda rigged sloops are described as masthead or fractional with a masthead sloop having a larger headsail with the forestay attaching to the top of the mast. The majority of yachts today will be bermudan sloops. 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